Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

 

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The Assignment
Examine Case Study: A Young Caucasian Girl With ADHD You will be asked to make three decisions concerning the medication to prescribe to this client. Be sure to consider factors that might impact the client’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes.
At each decision point stop to complete the following:
At each decision point stop to complete the following:
  • Decision #1
    • Which decision did you select?
    • Why did you select this decision? Support your       response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources.
    • What were you hoping to achieve by making this       decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the       Learning Resources.
    • Explain any difference between what you expected to       achieve with Decision #1 and the results of the decision. Why were they       different?
  • Decision #2
    • Why did you select this decision? Support your       response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources.
    • What were you hoping to achieve by making this       decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the       Learning Resources.
    • Explain any difference between what you expected to       achieve with Decision #2 and the results of the decision. Why were they       different?
  • Decision #3
    • Why did you select this decision? Support your       response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources.
    • What were you hoping to achieve by making this       decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the       Learning Resources.
    • Explain any difference between what you expected to       achieve with Decision #3 and the results of the decision. Why were they       different?

case Study and the decisions
BACKGROUND
Katie is an 8 year old Caucasian female who is brought to your office today by her mother & father. They report that they were referred to you by their primary care provider after seeking her advice because Katie’s teacher suggested that she may have ADHD. Katie’s parents reported that their PCP felt that she should be evaluated by psychiatry to determine whether or not she has this condition.
The parents give the PMHNP a copy of a form titled “Conner’s Teacher Rating Scale-Revised”. This scale was filled out by Katie’s teacher and sent home to the parents so that they could share it with their family primary care provider. According to the scoring provided by her teacher, Katie is inattentive, easily distracted, forgets things she already learned, is poor in spelling, reading, and arithmetic. Her attention span is short, and she is noted to only pay attention to things she is interested in. The teacher opined that she lacks interest in school work and is easily distracted. Katie is also noted to start things but never finish them, and seldom follows through on instructions and fails to finish her school work.
Katie’s parents actively deny that Katie has ADHD. “She would be running around like a wild person if she had ADHD” reports her mother. “She is never defiant or has temper outburst” adds her father.
SUBJECTIVE
Katie reports that she doesn’t know what the “big deal” is. She states that school is “OK”- her favorite subjects are “art” and “recess.” She states that she finds her other subjects boring, and sometimes hard because she feels “lost”. She admits that her mind does wander during class to things that she thinks of as more fun. “Sometimes” Katie reports “I will just be thinking about nothing and the teacher will call my name and I don’t know what they were talking about.”
Katie reports that her home life is just fine. She reports that she loves her parents and that they are very good and kind to her. Denies any abuse, denies bullying at school. Offers no other concerns at this time.
MENTAL STATUS EXAM
The client is an 8 year old Caucasian female who appears appropriately developed for her age. Her speech is clear, coherent, and logical. She is appropriately oriented to person, place, time, and event. She is dressed appropriately for the weather and time of year. She demonstrates no noteworthy mannerisms, gestures, or tics. Self-reported mood is euthymic. Affect is bright. Katie denies visual or auditory hallucinations, no delusional or paranoid thought processes readily appreciated. Attention and concentration are grossly intact based on Katie’s attending to the clinical interview and her ability to count backwards from 100 by serial 2’s and 5’s. Insight and judgment appear age appropriate. Katie denies any suicidal or homicidal ideation.
Diagnosis: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, predominantly inattentive presentation
Decision Point One
Select what the PMHNP should do:
https://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/NURS/6630/09/mm/attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder/img/pill-red.pngBegin Wellbutrin (bupropion) XL 150 mg orally daily
https://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/NURS/6630/09/mm/attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder/img/pill-blue.pngBegin Intuniv extended release 1 mg orally at BEDTIME
https://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/NURS/6630/09/mm/attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder/img/pill-yellow.pngBegin Ritalin (methylphenidate) chewable tablets 10 mg orally in the MORNING
Decision Point Two
Select what the PMHNP should do next:
https://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/NURS/6630/09/mm/attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder/img/pill-red.pngContinue same dose of Ritalin and re-evaluate in 4 week
https://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/NURS/6630/09/mm/attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder/img/pill-blue.pngChange to Ritalin LA 20 mg orally daily in the MORNING
https://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/NURS/6630/09/mm/attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder/img/pill-yellow.pngDiscontinue Ritalin and begin Adderall XR 15 mg orally daily
Decision Point Three
Select what the PMHNP should do next:
https://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/NURS/6630/09/mm/attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder/img/pill-red.pngMaintain current dose of Ritalin LA and reevaluate in 4 weeks
https://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/NURS/6630/09/mm/attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder/img/pill-blue.pngIncrease Ritalin LA to 30 mg orally daily
https://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/NURS/6630/09/mm/attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder/img/pill-yellow.pngObtain EKG based on current heart rate
Decision Point One
https://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/NURS/6630/09/mm/attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder/img/pill-yellow.pngBegin Ritalin (methylphenidate) chewable tablets 10 mg orally in the MORNING
RESULTS OF DECISION POINT ONE

  • Client      returns to clinic in four weeks
  • Katie’s      parents report that they spoke with Katie’s teacher who notices that her      symptoms are much better in the morning, which has resulted in improvement      in her overall academic performance. However, by the afternoon, Katie is      “staring off into space” and “daydreaming” again
  • Katie’s      parents are very concerned, however, because Katie reported that her      “heart felt funny.” You obtain a pulse rate and find that Katie’s heart is      beating about 130 beats per minute

Decision Point Two
https://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/NURS/6630/09/mm/attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder/img/pill-blue.pngChange to Ritalin LA 20 mg orally daily in the MORNING
RESULTS OF DECISION POINT TWO

  • Client      returns to clinic in four weeks
  • Katie’s      academic performance is still improved, and the switch to the LA      preparation is lasting Katie throughout the school day
  • Katie’s      reports of her heart feeling “funny” have gone away. Pulse was 92 during      today’s office visit

Decision Point Three
https://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/NURS/6630/09/mm/attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder/img/pill-red.pngMaintain current dose of Ritalin LA and reevaluate in 4 weeks
Guidance to Student
At this point, Katie’s symptoms are well controlled (her attention is sustained throughout the school day) and her side effects have gone away following change to a long-acting preparation. There is no indication at this point that the dose should be increased as it is always advisable to use the lowest effective dose of stimulant medication. Katie’s heart rate is appropriate for an 8 year old girl and an EKG would not be indicated based on her heart rate.

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