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NURS6501 Advanced Pathophysiology
Question 1 When completing this quiz, did you comply with Walden University’s Code of Conduct including the expectations for academic integrity?
Question 255-year-old male has swelling of the feet. Which of the following aided in development of swelling?
Question 3The nurse is teaching staff about the most common cause of Down syndrome. What is the nurse describing?
Question 4A patient has severe mental retardation caused by a deletion of part of chromosome 5. What genetic disorder will the nurse see documented in the chart?
Question 5A nurse is teaching a patient with diabetes how glucose is transported from the blood to the cell. What type of transport system should the nurse discuss with the patient?
Question 6Sodium and water accumulation in an injured cell are a direct result of:
Question 7A patient wants to know the risk factors for Down syndrome. What is the nurse’s best response?
Question 8An aide asks the nurse why people who have neurofibromatosis will show varying degrees of the disease. Which genetic principle should the nurse explain to the aide?
Question 9When a patient asks what causes cystic fibrosis, how should the nurse respond? Cystic fibrosis is caused by an _____ gene.
Question 10During childhood, the thymus decreases in size, and this is referred to as _____ atrophy.
Question 11A nurse is discussing the movement of fluid across the arterial end of capillary membranes into the interstitial fluid surrounding the capillary. Which process of fluid movement is the nurse describing?
Question 12A nurse is reviewing the pedigree chart. When checking for a proband, what is the nurse looking for?
Question 13A newborn male is diagnosed with albinism based on skin, eye, and hair appearance. Which finding will support this diagnosis?
Question 14A patient who has diarrhea receives a hypertonic saline solution intravenously to replace the sodium and chloride lost in the stool. What effect will this fluid replacement have on cells?
Question 15Which of the following disorders is manifested primarily in males?
Question 16A patient has a heart attack that leads to progressive cell injury that causes cell death with severe cell swelling and breakdown of organelles. What term would the nurse use to define this process?
Question 17A runner has depleted all the oxygen available for muscle energy. Which of the following will facilitate his continued muscle performance?
Question 18The early dilation (swelling) of the cell’s endoplasmic reticulum results in:
Question 19After a geneticist talks to the patient about being a chromosomal mosaic, the patient asks the nurse what that means. How should the nurse respond? You may _____ genetic disease(s).
Question 20What causes the rapid change in the resting membrane potential that initiates an action potential?
Question 21A nurse is reading a chart and sees the term oncotic pressure. The nurse recalls that oncotic pressure (colloid osmotic pressure) is determined by:
Question 22A 50-year-old male was recently diagnosed with Huntington disease. Transmission of this disease is associated with:
Question 23A group of prison inmates developed tuberculosis following exposure to an infected inmate. On examination, tissues were soft and granular (like clumped cheese). Which of the following is the most likely cause?
Question 24A 55-year-old male with a 30-year history of smoking is examined for respiratory disturbance. Examination of his airway (bronchial) reveals that stratified squamous epithelial cells have replaced the normal columnar ciliated cells. This type of cellular adaptation is called:
Question 25A 12-year-old male is diagnosed with Klinefelter syndrome. His karyotype would reveal which of the following?
Question 26How are potassium and sodium transported across plasma membranes?